Gandan is fully active and the largest functioning monastery including the Mongolian Buddhist University.
The highlight of the visit to Gandan is a 26-meter-high majestic gilded indoor statue of Megjid Janraisig. This overwhelmingly glorious deity was crafted in 1911 to celebrate independence and freedom from Manchu. Literally, it can be translated as Great Place of Complete Joy.
The first temple of Gandan Monastery was established in 1835 by the order of 5th Jebtsundamba, the highest reincarnated lama of Mongolia. At the beginning of the 20th century, Gandantegchinleng Monastery was the center of Buddhist learning in Mongolia.
Many prominent Buddhist scholars in Mongolia as well as in Buddhist scholars in the world were educated and trained by its various colleges and their works on Buddhist philosophy, linguistics, medicine, astrology and tantric practice became the most authoritative and accurate Buddhist texts.