The Bogd Khan Palace is one of the most important monuments of Mongolian history and architecture.
It was built between 1893 and 1906 and is composed of two parts:
- The Summer Palace has seven temples and pagodas; it’s a magnificent well-preserved Chinese-styled place of worship;
- The Winter Palace is a two-story European-styled building built by Russian architects.
For about twenty years, the Winter Palace had been serving as a winter residence for the eighth Buddhist leader of Mongolia, the Bogd Javzandamba Agvaanluvsan and his wife, Queen Dondogdulam. This is only remaining palace out of four residences where Bogd Khan resided here with his queen for twenty years.
The Bogd Khan was also known as the eighth living Buddha. When the Bogd Khan died in 1924, the palace was turned into a museum. This palace now displays the collection of personal belongings of the last Khan and his wife.