Mongolia General Information

About Mongolia

Mongolia is truly one of the world's last undiscovered travel destinations that have a nomadic lifestyle and nomadic way of living and

the safest country to visit. This island of blue sky and untouched wild nature where you can experience wide-open spaces, cobalt blue skies, forests, deserts, crystal clear rivers and lakes, and the traditional hospitality of the nomads.

Mongolia is located hidden deep in the heart of Asia between Russia and China. Mongolia’s endless steppes, massive ranging mountains, crystal clear lakes and rivers provide a variety of activities for both the amateur adventurers interested in exploring the nomadic culture and the expert who has the specific dream of adventure in mind



1,565,000 square kilometers (604,800 square miles)


2,754,685 (2010), 1.5 person per sq. km (4 persons per sq. mi)


Ulaanbaatar (1.320.080 people live in the city, 2013)

Official Language

Over 90% Khalkha Mongol 'Mongolian Language'.

Major Religions

94Buddhist and over 4% Shamanism. Also Christians and Muslim


Very high, in excess of 92.9%

Ethnic groups

85% Mongol, mostly Khalkha Mongol.

Prominent Features

Gobi desert, grasslands, salt and freshwater lakes

Highest Peak

Tavan Bogd Uul, Khuiten Peak 4374 m

Mountain Ranges

Altai, Khangai, Khentii

Political system

Parliamentary republic. President elected for four years.

Voting Qualification

All citizens above 18 years of age

Political Divisions

21 provinces and 1 autonomous municipality, Ulaanbaatar

Major Cities

Ulaanbaatar , Darhan , Erdenet

Chief Manufactured & Mined Products

Food products, textiles, chemicals, leather, construction materials, fluorspar, copper, molybdenum, gold

Chief Agricultural Products

Crops - wheat, potatoes, vegetables; Livestock - sheep, goats, cattle, horses, camels

Electric Current 220 volts/50 HZ
Time zone UTC +8
Measures  Metric System

Mongolia Geography and Nature facts


Mongolia is a land-locked country in North-East Asia bordering China with 4.673 km in the south and Russian Federation with 3485 km in the north. The total territory of the country is 1.566 million square kilometers making approximately 1 square kilometers per 1.6 persons and 18th largest country in the world. The territory of Mongolia is larger than territories of Great Britain, Germany France & Italy together.



Mongolia encompasses a wide range of terrain, with mountains, grassy steppes, and vast flat desert. Most of the north and west of the country is mountainous or hilly grasslands; the Gobi Desert takes up most of the south and the east. The country is land-locked, and although there are lakes and streams in certain areas, the combination of the terrain and low water supply means that a very small percent of the land is arable.


Average summer temperature +20'C, average winter temperature -26'C, average rainfall 200-220 mm. Winter lasts from November to late April, Spring from May through June, Summer from July through September.


Mongolia has 136 mammal species, almost 400 different types of birds and 76 species of fish